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1910



Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday

of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar).


Events of 1910



January


''see also January 1910''

New Year's Day card (United States)
* January – In Greece, the Military League forces Parliament and George I of Greece to summon the National Assembly to revise the Constitution of Greece.
* January 10January 20 – In the United States, the 1910 Los Angeles International Air Meet at Dominguez Field is held near Los Angeles, California (the first aviation meet to be held in the USA).
* January 15 – The United Kingdom General Election, held in response to the House of Lords' rejection of the 1909 budget, results in a reduced Liberal Party majority (Liberals, 275 seats; Labour, 40; Irish Nationalists, 82; Unionists [the title then preferred by the British Conservative Party], 273).
* January 16 – Constant rains in Paris, France, cause the Seine to overflow its banks, flooding the city. All but one line of the Paris Métro become filled with water, effectively draining water from the city.

February


* February 8 – The Boy Scouts of America youth organization is incorporated by William D. Boyce.
* February 1618 – The state of Ohio is crippled by a snowstorm.
* February 20Boutros Ghali, the first native-born prime minister of Egypt, is assassinated.

March



* March – An uprising against Ottoman rule breaks out in Albania.
* March 14 – The Lakeview Gusher is vented into the atmosphere.
* March 19 – In the United States, Republicans reduce the powers of the Speaker of the House of Representatives to influence committee membership.
* March 21Harry Houdini achieves one of the first powered flights in Australia.
* March 26 – The Norwegian football club Bærum SK is founded.
* March 27 – A fire during a barn-dance in Ököritófülpös, Hungary kills 312.
* March 30 – The Mississippi Legislature founds The University of Southern Mississippi.

April


* April 6 – Wildwood Crest, New Jersey is incorporated as a borough of Cape May County, New Jersey.
* April 10Pope Pius X formally created the Diocese of Lipa separating it from the Archdiocese of Manila. On this days also, the Most Reverend Joseph Pitrelli, D.D. was proclaimed its first bishop.
* April 20Comet Halley is visible from Earth.
* April 27
**Louis Botha and James Hertzog (James Barry Munnik Hertzog) found the South Africa Party.
**The British House of Commons passes David Lloyd George's (1909) 'People's Budget' for the second time; it is passed by the House of Lords on 28 April.
* April 29Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the second time.




May



* May 6George V becomes King of the United Kingdom upon the death of his father, Edward VII.
* May 11 – The U.S. Congress establishes Glacier National Park in Montana.
* May 15 – The FC St. Pauli is founded.
* May 16 – The U.S. Congress authorizes the creation of the United States Bureau of Mines.
* May 18 – The earth passes through the tail of Comet Halley.
* May 25 – In the city of Buenos Aires the centenary of the 25th May Revolution is celebrated .
* May 31 – The Union of South Africa is created.

July


* July 2 – Demonstrations erupt in France against public executions.
* July 4African-American boxer Jack Johnson defeats American boxer James J. Jeffries in a heavyweight boxing match, sparking race riots across the United States.
* July 22 – A wireless telegraph sent from the S.S. ''Montrose'' results in the identification and later arrest and execution of murderer Dr. Hawley Crippen.
* July 24 – James MacGillivray publishes the first account of Paul Bunyan in the Detroit News.

August


* August 13 Florence Nightingale dies in London, Park Lane.
* August 14 – A fire at the World Exhibition in Brussels destroys exhibitions of Britain and France.
* August 20 and August 21 – The Great Fire of 1910 wildfire burns about 3 million acres (12,000km²) in northeast Washington, northern Idaho, and western Montana over 2 days and kills 86 people (believed to be the largest fire in recorded United States history).
* August 22 – The Japan-Korea Annexation Treaty is signed.
* August 28Montenegro is proclaimed an independent kingdom under Nicholas I.
* August 29Emperor Sunjong of the Korean Empire abdicates and the country's monarchy is abolished.

September


* September 1 – The Vatican introduces a compulsory oath against modernism, to be taken by all priests upon ordination.
* September 16 – The Australian Treasury is given authority to issue currency, replacing the use of the British Pound.
* September 16Mexico celebrates the centennial of the start of the Independence War.

October


* October 1 – A bomb explodes at the ''Los Angeles Times'' building, leaving 21 dead and several injured. James B. McNamara and John Joseph McNamara are later arrested and sentenced.
* October 5Portugal becomes a republic; King Manuel II of Portugal flees to England.
* October 10Tau Epsilon Phi Fraternity is established at Columbia University.
* October 11Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first former president to ride in an airplane.
* October 18Eleutherios Venizelos becomes prime minister of Greece.
* October 20 – The hull of the RMS ''Olympic'' is launched at the Harland and Wolff Shipyards in Belfast.
* October 23Vajiravudh (Rama VI) is crowned King of Siam, after the death of his father, King Chulalongkorn (Rama V).

November


* November 7 – The first air flight for the purpose of delivering commercial freight occurs between Dayton, Ohio and Columbus, Ohio by the Wright Brothers and department store owner Max Moorehouse. The trip was made by Wright pilot Philip Parmalee.
* November 17Ralph Johnstone, a pilot for the Wright Exhibition Team, dies at Denver, Colorado after his machine breaks apart in mid air in full view of about 5,000 spectators. Johnstone becomes the first American pilot to die in the crash of an airplane in the United States.
* November 20Mexican Revolution: Francisco I. Madero proclaims the elections of 1910 null and void, and calls for an armed revolution at 6 p.m. against the illegitimate presidency/dictatorship of Porfirio Díaz.
* November 22 – U.S. Senator Aldrich and A.P. Andrews (Assistant Secretary of the Treasury Department), along with many of the country's leading financiers, who together represent about 1/6 of the world's wealth, are witnessed leaving Hoboken, New Jersey on a train together. They later arrive at the Jekyll Island Club to discuss monetary policy and the banking system, an event which some say is the impetus for the creation of the Federal Reserve.
* November 23 – The last execution in Sweden (by guillotine) is carried out against murderer Johan Alfred Ander.

December



* December – British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith makes his second appeal in the same year to the electorate to resolve the battle of wills with the House of Lords (Liberals, 272; Labour, 42; Irish Nationalists, 84; Unionists, 272 – making a majority of 126 for restriction of the powers of the Lords and for Irish Home Rule).
* December 12New York socialite Dorothy Arnold disappears. Her family does not notify the police until 6 weeks later, after their own investigations fail to produce any results.
* December 16
**Henri Coandă makes the first short flight in a plane with a jet engine.
**In Houndsditch, London, 4 (Latvian) anarchists shoot 3 policemen in botched raid on a jeweller; 3 are arrested, other members of the gang escape but are later (January 1911) cornered in the 'siege of Sidney Street'.
* December 19Edward Douglass White is sworn in as the 9th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
* December 31 – Two of America's premier pioneer aviators are killed on this day: John Moisant in New Orleans, and Wright pilot Arch Hoxsey in Los Angeles.

Undated


* Foundation of Eastwoodhill Arboretum, Ngatapa, Gisborne, New Zealand by William Douglas Cook
* The electric streetcars of Austria-Hungary, France, Germany and Great Britain are carrying 6.7 million riders per year.
* Karl Lueger retires as mayor of Vienna.
* US census shows that 20.9% of the population classed as "Negro" are of mixed race.
* Henry Ford sells 10,000 cars.

Ongoing


* Impressionism in the arts
* Wadai War (1909–1911)

Births





January–February



* January 5Jack Lovelock, New Zealand athlete (d. 1949)
* January 6Wright Morris, American photographer and writer (d. 1998)
* January 7Orval Faubus, governor of Arkansas (d. 1994)
* January 8Galina Sergeyevna Ulanova, Russian dancer (d. 1998)
* January 11Maurice Buckmaster, English head of Special Operations Executive (d.1992)
* January 12Luise Rainer, German-born actress
* January 16Dizzy Dean, American baseball player (d. 1974)
* January 21Albert Rosellini, American politician
* January 23Django Reinhardt, Belgian guitarist (d. 1953)
* January 25Edgar V. Saks, Estonian statesman and historian (d. 1984)
* January 29Colin Middleton, Irish artist (d. 1983)
* January 30C Subramaniam, Indian politician (d. 2000)
* February 3Robert Earl Jones, American actor and father of James Earl Jones (d. 2006)
* February 5Francisco Varallo, Argentine footballer
* February 6Irmgard Keun, German author (d. 1982)
* February 9Jacques Monod, French biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1976)
* February 10Georges Pire, Belgian monk, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1969)
* February 13William Shockley, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1989)
* February 15Irena Sendler, Polish humanitarian (d. 2008)
* February 19Dorothy Janis, American actress
* February 27Joan Bennett, American actress (d. 1990)

March–April


* March 1
**Archer John Porter Martin, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2002)
**David Niven, English actor (d. 1983)
* March 3Kittens Reichert, American silent movies child actor (d. 1990)
* March 5Momofuku Ando, Japanese inventor and businessman (d. 2007)
* March 9Samuel Barber, American composer (d. 1981)
* March 10Albert Facchiano, Italian-American criminal
* March 11Robert Havemann, German chemist (d. 1982)
* March 13Karl Gustav Ahlefeldt, Danish actor (d. 1985)
* March 23Akira Kurosawa, Japanese screenwriter, producer, and director (d. 1998)
* March 24Clyde Barrow, American outlaw (d. 1934)
* March 25Magda Olivero, Italian soprano
* March 28Frederick Baldwin Adams, Jr., American librarian (d. 2001)
* April 2Chico Xavier, popular medium in Brazil´s spiritism movement (d. 2002)
* April 10
**Abraham Alexander Ribicoff, American Democratic Party politician (d. 1998)
**Ivan Goff, Australian screenwriter (d. 1999)
**Paul Sweezy, American economist and editor (d. 2004)
* April 16
**Eddie Mayo, American baseball player (d. 2006)
**Berton Roueché, American medical writer, ''The New Yorker'' magazine staff writer (d. 1994)
* April 23Simone Simon, French actress (d. 2005)

May–June



* May 3Bernard Orchard, British biblical scholar (d. 2006)
* May 3Norman Corwin, American screenwriter
* May 12
**Johan Ferrier, Suriname President
**Giulietta Simionato, Italian mezzo-soprano
**Charles B. Fulton, American jurist (d. 1996)
**Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, British chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1994)
* May 22Johnny Olson, American game show announcer (''The Price Is Right'') (d. 1985)
* May 23
**Scatman Crothers, American actor and musician (d. 1986)
**Artie Shaw, American clarinetist and bandleader (d. 2004)
* May 28T-Bone Walker, American singer (d. 1976)
* May 30
**Harry Bernstein, British-Jewish author
**Ralph Metcalfe, American athlete (d. 1978)
**Inge Meysel, German actress (d. 2004)
* June 8Fernand Fonssagrives, French photographer (d. 2003)
* June 10Armen Takhtajan, Soviet-Armenian botanist
* June 11Jacques-Yves Cousteau, French naval officer, explorer, ecologist, filmmaker, scientist, photographer and researcher (d. 1997)
* June 12Bill Naughton, British playwright (d. 1992)
* June 13Mary Whitehouse, British TV campaigner (d. 2001)
* June 14Rudolf Kempe, German conductor (d. 1976)
* June 17H. Owen Reed, American composer
* June 18E.G. Marshall, American actor (d. 1998)
* June 19Paul Flory, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1985)
* June 22Peter Pears, English tenor (d. 1986)
* June 22Konrad Zuse, German engineer (d. 1995)
* June 23
**Jean Anouilh, French dramatist (d. 1987)
**Peaches Browning, American actress (d. 1956)
**Gordon B. Hinckley, fifteenth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 2008)

July–August


* July 2Lorne Carr, Canadian hockey player (d. 2007)
* July 4Gloria Stuart, American actress
* July 11Irene Hervey, American actress (d. 1998)
* July 14
**Vincent Brome, English biographer and novelist (d. 2004)
**William Hanna, American animator (d. 2001)
* July 17James Coyne, Canadian Bank of Canada Governor
* July 18Mamadou Dia, Senegal Prime Minister (d. 2009)
* July 29Julien Gracq, French author (d. 2007)
* July 30Edgar de Evia, American photographer (d. 2003)
* August 4Anita Page, American actress (d. 2008)
**Hedda Sterne, Romanian-born American painter and printmaker
* August 7Lucien Hervé, Hungarian-born French photographer (d. 2007)
* August 10
**Aldo Buzzi, Italian architect, director and screenwriter
**Ruby Keeler, American actress and dancer (d. 1993)
* August 12
**Yusof bin Ishak, first President of Singapore (d. 1970)
**Jane Wyatt, American actress (d. 2006)
* August 14
**Willy Ronis, French photographer (d. 2009)
**Pierre Schaeffer, French composer (d. 1995)
* August 23Lonny Frey, American baseball player (d. 2009)
* August 25Dorothea Tanning, American artist
* August 26Mother Teresa, Albanian nun and humanitarian, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1997)
* August 28Tjalling Koopmans, Dutch economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1985)

September–October


* September 3
**Kitty Carlisle Hart, American singer and actress (d. 2007)
**Maurice Papon, French official and Nazi collaborator (d. 2007)
* September 5Leila Mackinlay, née Leila Antionette Sterling (aka Brenda Grey), British romance writer.
* September 6Walter Giesler, American soccer coach (d. 1976)
* September 10
**Betty Neels, English novelist (d. 2001)
**Eric de Maré, English architectural photographer (d. 2002)
* September 14Jack Hawkins, British actor (d. 1973)
* September 16
**Erich Kempka, German chauffeur and bodyguard of Adolf Hitler (d. 1975)
**Karl Kling, German race car driver (d. 2003)
* September 23Elliott Roosevelt, American author and World War II hero (d. 1990)
* September 28Wenceslao Vinzons, Filipino politician and resistance leader (d. 1942)
* September 29Virginia Bruce, American actress and singer (d. 1982)
* October 1
**Bonnie Parker, American outlaw (d. 1934)
**José Enrique Moyal, mathematical physicist (d. 1998)
* October 7Henry P. McIlhenny, American art collector, socialite, philanthropist and the chairman of the Philadelphia Art Museum (d. 1986)
* October 8Ray Lewis, Canadian runner (d. 2003)
* October 10Julius Shulman, American architectural photographer (d. 2009)
* October 12
**Bob Sheppard, American baseball announcer
**Robert Fitzgerald, American poet and translator (d. 1985)
* October 13Otto Joachim, German-born Canadian composer
* October 14John Wooden, American basketball coach
* October 19Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Indian-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
* October 23Richard Mortensen, Danish painter (d. 1993)
* October 27Jack Carson, Canadian actor (d. 1963)

November–December



* November 8Denis Mahon, British art historian and collector
* November 9Carroll Quigley, American historian, polymath, and theorist of the evolution of civilizations (d.1977)
* November 13
**William Bradford Huie, American journalist, editor, publisher and author (d. 1986)
**Jean-Marcel Jeanneney, French politician
* November 14Eric Malpass, English novelist (d. 1996)
* November 19Griffith Jones, British actor (d. 2007)
* November 26Cyril Cusack, South African–born actor (d. 1993)
* December 1Alicia Markova, English ballerina (d. 2004)
* December 2Russell Lynes, American art historian, photographer, author and managing editor of ''Harper's Magazine'' (d. 1991)
* December 4R. Venkataraman, Indian President (1987–2002) (d. 2009)
* December 7Edmundo Ros, Trinidadian musician
* December 11
**Mildred Cleghorn, chairwoman of the Fort Sill Apache tribe (d. 1997)
**Noel Rosa, Brazilian songwriter (d. 1937)
**Hari Singh, Inspector General of Forests of India d. 2003)
* December 15John Hammond, American record producer (d. 1987)
* December 18
**Abe Burrows, American playwright (d. 1985)
**Eric Tindill, New Zealand cricketer
* December 19Jean Genet, French writer (d. 1986)
* December 29
**Frank Abbandando, American gangster (d. 1942)
**Michel Aflaq, Syrian political theorist, founder of Ba'athism (d. 1989)
**Ronald Coase, British economist, Nobel Prize laureate
**Konsta Jylhä, Finnish violinist (d. 1984)
* December 30Paul Bowles, American author (d. 1999)
*''date unknown'' – Hilda Conkling, American child poet (d. 1986)

Deaths



January–March



* January 4Leon Delagrange, pioneer aviator (b. 1873)
* January 5Léon Walras, French economist (b. 1834)
* January 25Lotta Faust, Broadway actress ''in original production of The Wizard of Oz'' (b. 1880)
* January 27Thomas Crapper, English inventor (b. 1836)
* February 23Vera Komissarzhevskaya, Russian actress (b. 1864)
* March 10Karl Lueger, Vienna's mayor (d. 1844)
* March 26An Jung-geun, Korean assassin of a Japanese resident general (b. 1879)
* March 27Alexander Emanuel Agassiz, American scientist, son of Louis Agassiz (b. 1835)

April–June


* April 16Julien Dupré, French artist (b. 1851)
* April 21Mark Twain,(pseudonym of Samuel Langhorne Clemens), American writer (b. 1835)
* April 26Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Norwegian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1832)
* May 1Pierre Nord Alexis, President of Haiti (b. 1820)
* May 3Lottie Collins, English singer and dancer (b. 1865)
* May 6 – King Edward VII of the United Kingdom, eldest son of Queen Victoria (b. 1841)
* May 10Stanislao Cannizzaro, Italian chemist (b. 1826)
* May 18Pauline Viardot, French mezzo-soprano and composer (b. 1821)
* May 27Robert Koch, German physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1843)
* May 28Kálmán Mikszáth, Hungarian novelist (b. 1847)
* May 29Mily Balakirev, Russian composer (b. 1837)
* May 31Elizabeth Blackwell, first female physician in the United States (b. 1821)
* June 5O. Henry, (pseudonym of William Sydney Porter), American novelist (b. 1862)

July–September



* July 4Giovanni Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer (b. 1835)
* July 5Melville Fuller, Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1833)
* July 12Charles Stewart Rolls, British aviator and automobile manufacturer (b. 1877)
* July 19Johann Gottfried Galle, German astronomer (b. 1812)
* August 13Florence Nightingale, English nurse (b. 1820)
* August 26William James, American psychologist and philosopher (b. 1842)

* August 27Sylvia Llewelyn Davies, Mother of the Llewelyn Davies boys who inspired J.M. Barrie to write Peter Pan (b. (1866)
* September 2Henri Rousseau, French painter (b. 1844)
* September 17Hormuzd Rassam, Iraqi archaeologist (b. 1826)
* September 27Jorge Chávez, Peruvian aviator, (b. 1887)
* September 29Winslow Homer, American painter (b. (1836)

October–December



* October 15Stanley Ketchel, American boxer (murdered) (b. 1886)
* October 17Julia Ward Howe, American abolitionist and poet (b. 1819)
* October 23 – King Chulalongkorn of Siam (b. 1853)
* October 30Jean Henri Dunant, Swiss founder of the Red Cross, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1828)
* November 6Giuseppe Cesare Abba, Italian patriot and writer (b. 1838)
* November 15Wilhelm Raabe, German writer (b. 1831)
* November 17Ralph Johnstone, American aviator (b. 1886)
* November 20 (N.S.) – Leo Tolstoy, Russian writer (b. 1828)
* November 23Hawley Harvey Crippen, American murderer (b. 1862)
* December 3Mary Baker Eddy, Founder of Christian Science movement (b. (1821)
* December 29Reggie Doherty, British tennis player (born 1872)
* December 31John Moisant, American aviator (b. 1868)
* December 31Arch Hoxsey, American aviator (b. (1884)

Nobel Prizes



* ChemistryOtto Wallach
* LiteraturePaul Heyse
* MedicineAlbrecht Kossel
* PeacePermanent International Peace Bureau
* PhysicsJohannes Diderik van der Waals

Notes






Source: Wikipedia