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Central Administration is the leading or presiding body or group of people, and the highest administrative department who oversee all lower departments of an organization.
In most cases, a school or school district will have a leading group of people as a part of Central Administration. In a school district, these terms may include a Superintendent (education), Chief operating officer, School Headmaster, and/or other leadership roles in one or more specific department. People on Central Administration are usually appointed by a board, such as a Board of education. They are comparable to positions such as a Chief executive officer. They rank over all other administration, requiring leadership skills. Central Administrative Staff have an executive oversight and supervision on school and/or school district administration. The department exists in Universities as well again playing a key role in the organisation of the department. The department is often also tasked with Data Protection, disaster control planning and other areas.
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Administration_%28government%29 See main article on governance]
Central Administration is also a key part of the civil service in many countries, in the UK for example – the department supports the Chief Executive’s Office and other key areas.
In the United States, many arms of Government have a Central Administration department for example in correctional facilities the office of the director is under its tutelage.
It plays a role in the function of various arms of state, in India it plays a pivotal role in the functioning of the civil service. The department also plays a key role in making critical decisions for many countries, in Pakistan (which borders India) for example there has been a discussion about whether the government should bring rebellious minded tribal areas under tighter control of Central Administration.
In many other organisations a “Central Administration” plays a key role its function. In the IT world Central Administration is key resource along with development teams.
Central Administration departments are often tasked with providing IT Support to various organisations, providing key technological support. The nature of the role means the professionals have very high access to PC systems (domain Admins etc) as they need to undertake functions that include creation and amendments of users accounts.
Central Administration can refer both to people within a department as well as consoles, applications and other tools that help its function.
Central Administration is part of Windows SharePoint server, it allows system administrators or those within Central Admin departments the ability to prioritise various task as well allowing users to view resources and currently services.