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Constitutional Court Of Italy
The Constitutional Court of Italy (Corte costituzionale della Repubblica Italiana) is a supreme court of Italy, the other being the Court of Cassation.
The Constitutional Court is composed of 15 judges: one-third appointed by the President, one-third elected by Parliament, and one-third elected by the ordinary and administrative supreme courts. The members then elect the President of the Court from among its members in a secret ballot, by absolute majority (that is, eight votes in the case of a full court), and if necessary, a run-off election between the two judges with the most votes after the second ballot. One or two Vice-Presidents, appointed by the President of the Court, stand in for the President in the event of his absence for any reason. The constitutional court passes on the constitutionality of laws, and there is no right of appeal on these decisions.
The court is a post-World War II innovation. Its powers, volume, and frequency of decisions are extensive as those of the U.S. Supreme Court. Since 12 October 2007, when reform of the Italian intelligence agencies approved in August 2007 came into force, the Court may not be denied access to documents under the pretext of state secret.