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Ladin (''Ladino'' in Italian, ''Ladin'' in Ladin, ''Ladinisch'' in German) is a group of dialects (which some consider part of a unitary Rhaeto-Romance language) spoken in the Dolomite Mountains in Northern Italy in the border regions of the provinces Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol and Veneto. It is closely related to the Swiss Romansh, Surselvan and Friulian.
Ladin should not be confused with Ladino (also called Judaeo-Spanish), which is a Romance dialect of Spanish, with Hebrew, Turkish and Greek influences.
It is spoken in:
*the following municipalities of the Province of Bolzano-Bozen:
**Santa Cristina Gherdëina
**San Martin de Tor
*the following municipalities of the Province of Trento (Val di Fassa):
** Canazei (Ladin ''Cianacei'')
** Campitello di Fassa (Ladin ''Ciampedèl'')
** Mazzin (Ladin ''Mazin'')
** Pozza di Fassa (Ladin ''Poza'')
** Vigo di Fassa (Ladin ''Vich'')
** Soraga (Ladin ''Soraga -or- Sorega'')
** Moena (Ladin ''Moena'')
The Ladin spoken in the Fassa Valley (Ladin ''Val de Fascia'', Italian ''Val di Fassa'') is also subdivided into two further branches: "Cazét" (pronounced ) is spoken in the northern half of the valley, whereas "Brach" (pronounced ) is spoken in the southern half. For example, in Cazét water is "ega" ("e" pronounced ), whereas in Brach it is "aga".
*the province of Belluno in:
**Livinallongo valley (Ladin ''Fodóm'', German ''Buchenstein'') and at
**Cortina d'Ampezzo (Ladin ''Anpëz'')
It is officially recognized in Italy and has some official rights in the region of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, while it does not have official status in the province of Belluno (Veneto region).
Flag of the Ladin people