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Massimo Troisi



Massimo Troisi (19 February 1953 - 4 June 1994) was an Italian actor, film director and poet. He is best known for his role as Mario Ruoppolo in the 1994 film ''Il Postino''.

Early years and TV star



Troisi was born into a large family in San Giorgio a Cremano, a town near Naples. His father was a train engineer. Some of his family experiences were later told in his first movies. After high school, Troisi wrote some poems inspired by his favourite author, Pier Paolo Pasolini, and, in 1969, started to play in a small local theatre together with some childhood friends (including Lello Arena and Enzo De Caro). The early death of his mother condemned Troisi to a harsh period of activity, which is said to have had a role in the development of his increasingly serious heart problems which were brought on during his teenage years from bouts of rheumatic fever. (In 1976 he had to visit the United States for a heart valve operation, the expenses for which were paid with the help of his friends.)

Troisi started his artistic career as a cabaret showman in 1972, as a member of the comic trio called "I Saraceni" ("The Saracens") and, later, "La Smorfia" (from the name of the "book of the numbers" traditionally used in Naples for lottery and tombola, but also meaning "the face", as in "to make a face"). His mates were De Caro and Arena. They gained national fame on the radio and increased it consistently from 1977 onwards eventually becoming TV stars with the shows ''Non Stop'', ''La sberla'' (1978) and ''Luna Park'' (1979). Troisi soon gained the status of leader of the trio. He was noted for his use of facial mimicry and of apparently confused speech—in these he drew inspiration from such famous figures of Neapolitan comedy as Totò, Eduardo and Peppino De Filippo.

Cinema



Troisi wrote, directed and played his first film, ''Ricomincio da tre'' ("I Start Over from Three") in 1981. He achieved wide success and critical praise, imposing himself as one of the most talented new Italian directors of 1980s. Like the second movie, ''Ricomincio da tre'' is centered on the troublesome love life of a Neapolitan character, partly inspired by Troisi's youth, as well as featuring Lello Arena. ''Scusate il ritardo'', similar to the preceding one, was released in 1983.

Troisi starred opposite Roberto Benigni in ''Non ci resta che piangere'' (1985), in which they play two friends who are accidentally transported back in time to the 15th century; there they meet Leonardo da Vinci and, upon realising which age they are in, travel to Spain to try to stop Christopher Columbus from discovering the Americas.

After some small acting roles, in 1987 Troisi directed ''Le vie del Signore sono finite'', set during the Fascist era. The movie won a Silver Ribbon for best screenplay. In the following years, he starred alongside Marcello Mastroianni, in Ettore Scola's ''Splendor'' (1988), ''Che ora è?'' (1989) and ''Il viaggio di Capitan Fracassa'' (1990). His last movie as director (also as screenwriter and actor) was ''Pensavo fosse amore, invece era un calesse'' (1991), again centering on the every day difficulties of love between a man and a woman (portrayed by Francesca Neri).

''Il postino''



Troisi came to international fame through the success of ''Il Postino'', directed by Michael Radford.
Troisi died in 1994 of a heart attack in his sister's house in Ostia (Rome) twelve hours after the main filming on ''Il Postino'' had finished. It was reported that he postponed surgery to complete the film.

He was posthumously nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor for his role, becoming one of only seven actors (Jeanne Eagels, James Dean, Spencer Tracy, Peter Finch, Sir Ralph Richardson and Heath Ledger) to be posthumously nominated for an acting Academy Award.

A good personal friend of the musician and singer Pino Daniele (who wrote most of the soundtracks for his movies), he wrote lyrics for his music or adapted his poetry for it. Eduardo De Filippo, father of Neapolitan theatre of the 20th century, said of him that he was a comic actor of the future, but with his roots in the past.

Filmography



Director


*''Ricomincio da tre'' (1981)
*''Morto Troisi, viva Troisi!'' (1982, TV special)
*''Scusate il ritardo'' (1983)
*''Non ci resta che piangere'' (1984, with Roberto Benigni)
*''Le vie del Signore sono finite'' (1987)
*''Pensavo fosse amore, invece era un calesse'' (1991)

Screenwriter


*''Ricomincio da tre'' (1981)
*''Morto Troisi, viva Troisi!'' (1982)
*''Scusate il ritardo'' (1983)
*''Non ci resta che piangere'' (1984)
*''Le vie del Signore sono finite'' (1987)
*''Pensavo fosse amore, invece era un calesse'' (1991)
*''Il Postino'' (1994)

Actor


*''Ricomincio da tre'' (1981)
*''Morto Troisi, viva Troisi!'' (1982)
*''No grazie, il caffè mi rende nervoso'' (1982)
*''Scusate il ritardo'' (1983)
*''F.F.S.S., cioè.. che mi hai portato a fare sopra a Posillipo se non mi vuoi più bene?'' (1983)
*''Non ci resta che piangere'' (1984)
*''Hotel Colonial'' (1986)
*''Le vie del Signore sono finite'' (1987)
*''Splendor'' (1988)
*''Che ora è?'' (1989)
*''Il viaggio di Capitan Fracassa'' (1990)
*''Pensavo fosse amore, invece era un calesse'' (1991)
*''Il Postino'' (1994)


Source: Wikipedia