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The word corrupt (Middle English, from Latin ''corruptus'', past participle of ''corrumpere'', to destroy : ''com-'', intensive pref. and ''rumpere'', to break) when used as an adverb literally means "utterly broken". In modern English usage the words corruption and corrupt have many meanings:
* Political corruption: the abuse of public power, office, or resources by government officials or employees for personal gain, e.g. by extortion, soliciting or offering bribes.
* Corporate corruption: corporate criminality and the abuse of power by corporation officials, either internally or externally.
* Putrefaction: the natural process of decomposition in the human and animal body following death.
* Data corruption: an unintended change to data in storage or in transit.
* Linguistic corruption: the change in meaning to a language or a text introduced by cumulative errors in transcription as changes in the language speakers' comprehension.
* Bribery in politics, business, or sport (including match fixing).
; Institutions dealing with political corruption:
* Transparency International
* Group of States Against Corruption (French: ''Groupe d'Etats contre la Corruption''), a body established under the Council of Europe to monitor the implementation of instruments adopted by member states to combat political corruption.
; Entertainment with corruption themes:
* Metroid Prime 3: Corruption, a Wii game.
* Corrupt (film), a 1981 film starring Harvey Keitel and John Lydon.
* Corrupt (1999 film), a 1999 film starring Ice-T and Silkk The Shocker.
* Corrupt (Angel), an unproduced teleplay written for the television program ''Angel''.
* Kurupt, a rapper
* Corruption (video game), a 1988 computer game by Magnetic Scrolls.
* Corrupted, a Japanese doom-metal band.